This is a South American Gourd shaker in the form of a woman. The shaker has a worked surface that includes scenes of fishing. It is possibly a representation of Mama Qucha (or Mama Cocha) who was the ancient Incan goddess of sea and fishes, guardian of sailors and fishermen.
The rattle stands about 5.5" or 14cm tall and is in a good vintage condition. Please see pictures for detail.